A factor that probably determines the level of intoxication is our drinking habits. How much a person should drink, at what amounts should the consumption take place, how safe is it to often drink??
These are the questions probably an individual thinks at some point in time.
Drinking alcohol is probably the only factor which causes an effect on every fragment of our body. However, these are probably not the safest effects on our immune system.
Recent studies have shown that heavy alcohol consumption is detrimental to health and a leading preventable cause of death. The heart circulates the blood alcohol in the entire body as a result; every single drinking episode may result in impairment, damage or even death.
There never existed a safe drinking level but rather a low-risk situation.
Several diseases are a result of heavy drinking. Some of them are-
Immune System Dysfunction
This is probably a situation every individual wants to avoid since its successor is death.
Heavy drinking often weakens the immune system making the body vulnerable to diseases like TUBERCULOSIS. Alcohol causes changes in our components of blood resulting in a change in the formation of red blood cells. A drop of alcohol in white blood cells count can occur due to alcoholism. This happens because the body’s production of white blood cells is suppressed, and the cells become trapped in the spleen.
Our immune system acts as a protective layer for all the diseases, forming a barrier to protect us. Thus, heavy drinking might shrink this layer causing additional damage to our body.
Alcohol consumption is associated with our dependence on our senses.
Drinking often causes blurred vision, memory lapses, slurred speech, difficulty in walking and reduces our reaction time. These are all due to its effects on the brain.
Alcohol disrupts the fine and gross motor capabilities of our brain and prevents it from coordinating with our muscular system, as a result, we find it difficult to walk straight and do basic activities. It also is a central nervous system (CNS) depressant, it causes difficulty in processing information and poses challenges with solving simple problems.
This is probably the most common disease which is caused through heavy drinking. Alcohol is mostly metabolized in the liver, which is why the liver is particularly at risk of damage.
The level of liver disease is determined by the amounts and duration of alcohol consumption. Substantially even a little amount of alcohol puts the liver at risk.
Drinking heavily significantly increases the risk of alcoholic fatty liver, an early and reversible consequence of excessive alcohol intake. Chronic drinking alters the liver’s metabolism of fats, and excess fat accumulates in the liver.
Other effects on the liver include long-term inflammation, called alcoholic hepatitis. This can lead to scar tissue.
The definition of heavy drinking is consuming eight drinks or more per week for women, and 15 or more for men. People starting drinks below the age of 15 are likely to be more dependent on alcohol consumption in the future. On an average drinking takes lives of 38 million American adults every year.